Siste nytt – rett fra forskningsfronten

2023 januar

Karen L. Luke, Tina McAdie, Amanda K. Warren-Smith, Bradley P. Smith, Bit use and its relevance for rider safety, rider satisfaction and horse welfare in equestrian sport, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, Volume 259, 2023

«The study found that while most horses are ridden with a bit, horses ridden without a bit performed fewer ridden hyperreactive behaviours and had higher relative welfare scores for handling and riding (based on owners’ self-report survey data). Ridden hyperreactive behaviour, including bucking, bolting, rearing, and spooking is considered a signal of poor welfare (McLean and Christensen, 2017, Ödberg and Bouissou, 1999), so fewer ridden hyperreactive behaviours is consistent with better relative horse welfare.»

Kieson, E.; Goma, A.A.; Radi, M. Tend and Befriend in Horses: Partner Preferences, Lateralization, and Contextualization of Allogrooming in Two Socially Stable Herds of Quarter Horse Mares. Animals 2023, 13, 225

“The findings suggest that horses deliberately engage in affiliative social grooming in higher frequency with bonded partners in environments where other stress behaviors are observed. This increase in affiliative behaviors with specific partners can help inform better management and husbandry practices with regards to positive welfare and wellbeing.”

Gwyneth Bohara, Bryony Lancaster, Hayley Randle, The effect of elastic reins on rein tension and performance in dressage horses, Journal of Veterinary Behavior, Volume 59, 2023

“This study confirms that the application of specific equipment, even that designed to promote better welfare outcomes for the horse, needs to be considered on an individual horse basis.”

Brittany Perron, Ahmed Badr Abdelwahab Ali, Peyton Svagerko, Kristine Vernon, The influence of severity of gastric ulceration on horse behavior and heart rate variability, Journal of Veterinary Behavior, Volume 59, 2023

«This study presented an association in behavior and HRV indices to gastric ulcer severity in horses. Horses with an ulcer score of 3 or 4 showed a more stressed pattern of behavior and HRV indices thus providing a potential method in determining severity of lesions without invasive procedures such as gastroscopy.»

2022 desember

Hintze S, Yee JR. Animals in flow – towards the scientific study of intrinsic reward in animals. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 2022 Dec 29

“So far, studies on flow have all been conducted with human subjects; to our knowledge no empirical data on flow in non-human animals exist. Here we propose translating the concept of flow to non-human animals (i) to explore flow from a broader perspective than just the human one and (ii) to provide another approach to improve animal welfare.”

Farah Hanis, Eric Lim Teik Chung, Mamat Hamidi Kamalludin, Zulkifli Idrus,
Effect of feed modification on the behavior, blood profile, and telomere in horses exhibiting abnormal oral behaviors, Journal of Veterinary Behavior, 2022

“In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that a simple modification of diet by increasing forages and dietary fiber could improve the overall health and well-being of patrolling horses.”

Adriana Ferlazzo, Esterina Fazio, Cristina Cravana, Pietro Medica,
Equine-assisted services: An overview of current scientific contributions on efficacy and outcomes on humans and horses,
Journal of Veterinary Behavior, Volume 59, 2023

“The review provides an overview of the current literature concerning the use of horses in equine-assisted services (EAS) and of their effects on humans, and it focuses on their effects on horses.”

Marie Eisersiö, Jenny Yngvesson, Elke Hartmann, Agneta Egenvall, Gaping for relief? Rein tension at onset and end of oral behaviors and head movements in unridden horses, Journal of Veterinary Behavior, Volume 59, 2023

«Our results suggest that horses will open their mouth, or bite on the bit, to alleviate the oral tissues from pressure; move the head upward to avoid rein tension and move the head forward or downward to increase rein tension, likely in a presumed attempt to break free from the pressure applied.”

2022 november

Muñoz-Prieto, A.; Cerón, J.J.; Rubio, C.P.; Contreras-Aguilar, M.D.; Pardo-Marín, L.; Ayala-de la Peña, I.; Martín-Cuervo, M.; Holm Henriksen, I.-M.; Arense-Gonzalo, J.J.; Tecles, F.; Hansen, S. Evaluation of a Comprehensive Profile of Salivary Analytes for the Diagnosis of the Equine Gastric Ulcer SyndromeAnimals 202212, 3261

“In conclusion, the results showed that selected salivary analytes could have potential use as biomarkers in horses with EGUS.”

2022 oktober

Carroll, S.L.; Sykes, B.W.; Mills, P.C. Moving toward Fear-Free Husbandry and Veterinary Care for HorsesAnimals 202212, 2907

“The companion animal sector and the zoo sector have made significant strides towards recognizing and reducing fear during health care. This review discusses the potential for improving horse experiences during husbandry and veterinary procedures.”

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